|The engine (T214),
transmission and transfer case were basically the same as the
WC-54 and the other trucks in the three-quarter series but the
chassis was longer and reinforced. The WC-64 has more space fore
the wounded and also a much better and comfortable riding performance
because of it's better springs and oil filled shock absorbers.
Ambulance ¾-TON, 4x4 KD, 3 rear doors, collapsible body
(KD i.e. "knock-down" for easy shipment),
Crew of 2, capacity 4-6 casualties laying on litters or 8 sitting,
Net weight 6,880 lbs,
Gross weight 8,500 lbs.
Payload 680 kg
Wheelbase: 121" / 3.07 m
Overall dimensions 192 5/8" x 99 3/8" x 84" (height
reducible to 67 ½"),
length 4,90 m, height 2,10 m, whit 2,14 m
Manual sliding gear transmission
Speeds: 4F/1R. Single-speed transfer case. Gear ratio:
Single dry disc clutch
Leaf spring suspension front and rear
Monroe Telescopic Shock Absorber
Dodge banjo hypoid gear differentials
Hydraulic drum brakes.
6 volt electrical system
Top Speed: 54mph / 87 km/h
Fuel capacity: 30 gallons / 115 liters
Cruising range: 240 miles / 400 km
fuel consumption 1:5 (l/km)
Telescopic Shock Absorber
Chrysler T214, 3,780 cm3, six-cylinder, in-line, L-head, four
cycle. Cast iron block and head
Displacement: 230 cubic inches. Bore and stroke: 3.24 x 4.625
Compression ratio:6.7:1. Four main bearings. Mechanical valve
Brake horsepower: 76 at 3200 rpm.
Carburetor: Zenith Model 29
Designed and built by the Dodge Division of Chrysler Corporation
in Mound Park Michigan, from 1944-1945.
TECHNICAL MANUALS AND BULLETINS
Technical manuals Dodge ¾ ton
• TM10-1530, May 1942. Parts List 3/4 Ton 4X4 Dodge Truck
WC-51 thru WC-58
• TM10-1531, May 1942. Maintenance 3/4 Ton 4X4 Dodge Truck
WC-51 thru WC-58
• TM 9-808, Nov 1942. 3/4-ton, 4x4 Truck (Dodge). (Updated
- May 1943, Jan 1944, & 1947 Govt. Reprint of Jan 1944 version)
• TM 9-1808A, Sept 1943. Power Plant, Clutch, and Electrical
System for Basic Vehicles - 3/4-ton 4x4 and 1 1/2-ton 6x6 (Dodge).
• TM 9-1808B, 1943. Power Train, Chassis and Body for Basic
Vehicles - 3/4 ton 4x4 and 1 1/2 ton 6x6 (Dodge).
• Ord 7 SNL G-502, Jan 1943, Truck, 3/4-Ton, 4x4 (Dodge
Model T214). (Updated - April 1943, June 1943, March 1945, April
1948, July 1951).
• Ord 8 SNL G-502, Feb 1943. Truck, 3/4-Ton, 4x4 (Dodge
Model T214). (Updated - Aug 1943, March 1945, Jan 1948, May 1951).
• Ord 7-8 SNL G-502, July 1944. Truck, 3/4-Ton, 4x4 (Dodge
• Ord 7-8-9 SNL G-502, August 1944. Truck, 3/4-Ton, 4x4
(Dodge Model T214).
• Ord 9 SNL G-502, May 1945. Ordnance Supply Catalog Truck,
3/4 Ton, 4x4 (Dodge Model T 214).
• "Special Reassembly Instructions For Built-Up Stripped
Trucks T-214 3/4-Ton Trucks (2-Unit Packs)" 1 July 1942.
• TM10-1199, May 1942. Master Parts List covering Dodge
trucks built for United States Army.
• SNL G657, Dec 1943. Master Parts List covering Dodge trucks
built for United States Army.
• TM9-1808C - Modern addition to the wartime manuals covering
driveline interchanges - lots of good information.
For downloading some of these manuals go to Documentation
• TB ORD FE 7, 1944. Conversion of T214 and T223 Dodge Engine
Assemblies and P14 Plymouth Passenger Cars.
• TB 9-808-4, 1944. Truck, 3/4-ton, 4x4, Command Reconnaissance
and Carryall (Dodge Model T214 Having 12-volt Electrical System):
Removal of Generator Regulator Field Terminal Filter.
• TB 9-2830-14, 1944. Reclamation of Dodge 1/2-ton Truck,
Front Axle, Bendix-Weiss Universal Drive.
• TB 9-2830-31, 1944. Reclamation of Bent Dodge Crankshaft
• TB 9-2830-32, 1944. Conversion of 1934 through 1939 Dodge
1 1/2-ton Transmission to 1941 and 1942 (Model T202, T207, T211,
and T215) Dodge 1/2-ton Transmission.
• TB 9-2830-56, 1944. Conversion of Dodge Clutch Housings
9115514, 58999, 592386, 579442, and 589282 to Fit any Chassis
Using Dodge Model, T112, T202, T207, T211, and T215, Engines.
• TB 9-2830-77, 1944. Reclamation of Dodge 581500 and Similar
Type Clutch Bearing Sleeves.
• TB 9-2830-83, 1944. Conversion of 1934 and 1935 Autolite,
Dodge Starting Motors, for Use on 1939, 1940, and 1941 Dodge 1
1/2 Ton Truck.
• TB ORD FE56, 1945. 3/4-ton, 4x4 Truck (Dodge T214). and
1 1/2-ton, 6x6 Truck (Dodge T223): Adapting Front Axle Spring
Clip Plate for Attachment of Monroe Shock Absorbers.
• TB ORD 277, 1945. Fits, Tolerances, and Wear Limits for
Dodge T202 Engine.
• TB ORD 284, 1945. Trucks, 1/2-ton, 4x4; 3/4-ton, 4x4,
and 1 1/2ton 6x6(Dodge): Unauthorized use of "217" Engine.
• TB ORD 290, 1945. Fits, Tolerances, and Wear Limits for
Dodge T203 Engine.
• TB ORD 291, 1945. Fits, Tolerances, and Wear Limits for
Dodge Model T118 Engine.
• TB ORD 293, 1945. Fits, Tolerances, and Wear Limits for
Dodge T211 (to Engine Serial No. 42001), T207, and T112 Engines.
• TB 9-808-7, 1945. Truck, 3/4-ton, 4x4, Weapons Carrier
(Dodge T214 Model WC51): Differences between the 6- and 12-volt
• TB 9-808-8, 1945. Truck, 3/4-ton, 4x4 (Dodge T214): Transfer
• TB 9-808-9, 1945. Truck, 3/4-ton, 4x4, Lubrication Instructions.
• TB 9-808-FE1, 1945. Truck, 3/4-ton, 4x4 (Dodge T214):
Reinforcement of Frame Side Rail.
• TB 9-808-FE2, 1945. Truck 3/4-ton, 4x4, Ambulance (Dodge
Model WC-54; T214): Reinforcement of Attendant's Seat.
• TB 9-1808A-1, 1945. Fits, Tolerances, and Wear Limits
for Dodge T214 and T223 Engines.
• TB 9-1808B-1, 1945. Truck, 3/4-ton, 4x4 (Dodge): Conversion
of 8 3/4-inch Drive Gear Carrier Assembly to 9 5/8-inch Assembly
and the Two-Pinion Type Differential to the Four-Pinion Type.
• TB 9-1808B-2, 1945. Truck, 3/4-ton, 4x4, WC 64 KD, Ambulance
(Dodge T214): Monroe Telescopic Shock Absorber.
chassis of the KD is the same as the standard Dodge WC-series
vehicles, with the 6-cylinder, 230 cu.in. Dodge engine and
4-wheel drive. It has the longer 121-inch wheelbase of the
WC-54 ambulance, with the addition of a heavy reinforcing
plate riveted to the outside of each frame rail (see photo
1). Thus the ambulances have the longest wheelbase of any
of the WC-series vehicles. The WC-64 was the only WC fitted
with Monroe Telescopic Shock Absorber
that gave it the most confortable ride of all WWII Dodge
Apparently no WWII ambulance was fitted with a power takeoff
or winch. A pintle hook is installed at the rear, but it
was supposedly quite unusual for an ambulance to tow a trailer.
1 reinforced chassis
CAB AND CANVAS
The flat canvas box on the top is for storage
of the doors when they are not installed on the vehicle. The box
was held in shape by an internal sheet metal framework around
||The cab (Photo 2)
is essentially standard WC-series, except that it has a
different cowl vent assembly, has a hot-water personnel
heater (with a second heater in the rear box), and has a
spotlight attached to the cowl ahead of the driver's door,
operating from a switch on the dash.
The canvas top, over the cab, was almost certainly pre-assembled,
with the canvas attached to the bows, fold¬ed flat (the
bows are hinged), and shipped in a cardboard box. In the
field the back of the bow assembly was bolted to the front
of the rear box, while the front of the bows clamped to
the top of the windshield frame, like a weapons carrier
or command car with a folding top.
rope is used to pull the rear of the canvas top down into
a channel on the front of the rear box, thus providing a
weather seal. The rope is then tied off at the sides.
|PHOTO 2 WC-64 cab
almost the same as standard WC
The vehicle was provided with removable canvas doors with plastic
windows. Not visible in the photos is a six-foot red cross on
Apparently almost all of the KD's that were shipped during WWII
went to the European theatre, with only a few remaining in the
U.S. While most U.S. military vehicles in Europe had a cir¬cled
star on the hood, apparently this did not apply to the ambulances.
Probably this was to maintain an appearance of neutrality so as
to avoid air attack.
REAR BOX CONSTRUCTION
The rear boxes were supplied in two major parts: lower
and upper. The lower part of the box was attached to the chassis
at the factory, while the upper box was crated for installation
in the field. Both parts of the rear box were apparently manufactured
by Briggs Mfg. Co., Detroit, Michigan. While many cab and chassis
bolts have a Dodge Brothers logo on the head, none of the bolts
in the rear box do. The internal bolts are either unmarked or
have an "A" on the head, while the external bolts are
unmarked or have either an "A" or a "BA" on
the head. Parts may have been made by more than one manufacturer.
For instance, there are two types of stamped stiffeners embossed
in the rear storage box steel doors (discussed below).
The upper rear box is 7'10" long and 6'10" wide, with
5' of headroom in the centre. The lower box is 14" longer
due to forward extensions for intern al storage.
Lower Rear Box
The lower box contains two full-length plywood benches
with padded seats. The pads are only about 1/2 inch thick, covered
with pebble-grained, canvas-backed OD plastic, and filled with
horsehair (it appears), so they could not have been very comfortable.
The centre section of the bench forms the top of the rear wheel
well, while the front and re ar sections of the bench are the
lids to storage compart¬ments below the seats.
Since the under-seat storage areas were not accessible when stretcher
bound wounded were present, there are four vertical steel doors
below the benches that allow alternative access into the storage
spaces. These doors would of ten be blocked by stretchers that
were stored along the sides, held in place by two buckled webbing
straps on each side.
The lower box is not insulated. There is some evidence that, on
some vehicles, the inside of the storage boxes may have been painted
white, although this may have been done when and if they were
refurbished for later use.
There is an 6" X 10 114" steel box with damp-type latches,
similar to an ammunition box, bolted to the forward vertical surface
of the right-rear corner storage box.
| It has a sliding steel drawer,
presumably for safe storage of surgical instruments as it
is not large enough to hold many ban¬dages. There is
a hot-water personnel heater installed below the emergency
door, behind and between the front seats, that serves the
re ar compartment. This is in addition to the heater above
the passenger's feet. The front heater appears to vary in
style in different KD’s, while the rear heater, which
is unique to the KD, is always of the same design.
The rear compartment flooring is made of wood, probably
oak, with steel runners. The boards are 3/4" thick,
7 5/8" wide and 8' 2" long (mak¬ing the use
of standard 8-foot boards impossible). The boards have several
cut-outs (for the rear step hinges, gas tank sender access,
mounting bolt washers, etc.), and were grooved about 1116"
deep full-length for the runners.
3 Folding racks for two stretchers were provided
in the rear box, in addition to two stretchers that
rode on the bench seats
There is a folding step below the centre rear door to ease access
into the rear. It folds up in side the door when not in use, and
could be either folded flat against the door or used as a seat
for a medic.
Upper Rear Box
The upper rear box was said to be of "composite" construction,
meaning that is was a combination of steel and wood. It is wood-framed,
again proba¬bly oak. The outside is made up of sheet steel
panels, inducing a one-piece roof that is nearly 8-feet long by
7-feet wide. The interior is paneled with 1/4-inch hardboard,
cut from 4'X8' sheets. The panels are held in place mostly by
slotted oval-head wood screws and cup washers. The screws and
washers were apparently cadmium or zinc plated and not primed
before painting (although this may not be true for all vehicles).
The top and sides of the upper box were insulated with cardboard,
about 1 1/2 inches thick, without the hard facing used in cardboard
boxes. This was nearly perfect material for soak¬ing up and
holding rainwater, and so probably has contributed to the rust¬ing
and destruction of many of the rear boxes.
The rear box has two ceiling lights (with translucent white lenses),
and three ventilation blowers. The blower openings are screened
and have rotat¬ing opening controls, but there is no provision
for keeping rainwater from coming through them. Each of the lights
and blowers has its own switch.
The rear box has a front "emergency door" and three
rear doors, all of which open to the rear. The emergency door
and centre rear door have roll-down windows. All doors can be
locked by means of sliding deadbolts, and the centre rear door
also locks by means of the ignition key, so the truck can be
securely locked up (which is nice when it sits over-night at
a show). The three rear doors are apparently insulated with
cardboard also, but they are crimped all the way around and
so are difficult to patch or remove the cardboard without cutting
sections out of them.
The individual sections of the box were apparently painted
OD prior to assem¬bly, then bolted together with cadmium
or zinc-plated bolts, nuts and washers and painted again. Thus,
with no preparation for painting, the paint was not firmly attached
to the fasteners and easily chipped off, exposing the plated
surface. In some cases it appears that the fasteners that were
used in the field to assemble the box sections and attach the
box to the vehicle were not painted OD, and remained as bare
cadmium or zinc plate once the ambu¬lance was completed.
4 The stretcher racks could be lowered
at the rear to simplify loading of wounded
|Two racks are installed in the
rear box, providing room for two stretchers in addition
to two that rode on the benches (Photo 3). Thus a total
of four stretcher-bound wounded could be carried. The racks
are designed to fold down against the sides to provide room
for about eight less severely wounded men. They also can
be low¬ered at the rear (Photo 4) to allow easier loading
of stretchers which could be slid in from the back. The
racks are held in place by very strong latches on three
corners and a bolted bracket on the fourth (front outboard)
corner. They also have webbing safety straps that hang from
the ceiling and a stiff¬ener on the rear door (Photos
3 and 4) that goes under the end of the rack, all of which
prevent the rack from dropping while the ambulance is moving.
Stretchers are held in place by a channel on the outboard side
that holds the stretcher legs, and by buckled webbing loops that
fit over the stretcher handles on three corners. The fourth (front
outboard) stretcher handle fits into a metal bracket on the front
© MVPA written by Glenn D. Harris Mesa, Arizona, 1994
Mike Hitchens, Kent, England
Lou Moore, Shawnee, Kansas
Russell Pratt, Bahama, North Carolina.
Dodge Military Vehicles, 1940-1945, Collection No. 1 by T. Richards,
Brooklands Books, England
Ordnance Supply Catalog, ORD 9 SNL G-502, Truck, 3/4 Ton, 4x4
(Dodge) (Model T-214), 1 May 1945.
This is only a small part of the information I collected, for
more T214 and Dodge 3/4 ton truck information and manuals send
me a mail